Renewable Energy Projects: Investments in wind farms, solar power plants, hydroelectric projects, or biomass energy facilities that generate clean energy, displacing fossil fuel-based electricity generation.
Energy Efficiency Initiatives: Funding projects that improve energy efficiency in buildings, industries, or transportation systems, reducing energy consumption and associated emissions.
Methane Capture from Landfills: Supporting projects that capture and utilise methane gas emitted from landfills, preventing its release into the atmosphere where it is a potent greenhouse gas.
Forest Conservation and Reforestation: Investing in projects that protect existing forests from deforestation or degradation, or initiatives that reforest or afforest areas by planting trees, which absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Improved Cookstoves: Promoting the use of energy-efficient cookstoves in regions where traditional biomass or inefficient cooking methods are prevalent, reducing emissions from burning wood or other solid fuels.
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): Supporting projects that capture carbon dioxide emissions from power plants or industrial facilities and store it underground or repurpose it for other uses, preventing its release into the atmosphere.
Sustainable Agriculture and Soil Carbon Sequestration: Investing in agricultural practices that promote soil health, such as conservation tillage, cover cropping, or rotational grasing, which can increase carbon sequestration in the soil.
Fuel Switching: Funding initiatives that encourage the switch from high-carbon fuels like coal or oil to lower-carbon alternatives, such as natural gas or biofuels.
Improved Waste Management: Supporting projects that reduce methane emissions from waste management practices, such as landfill gas capture, composting, or waste-to-energy facilities.
Emission Reductions in Developing Countries: Investing in emission reduction projects in developing countries that may not have the resources to implement clean technologies on their own, such as promoting clean cookstoves, renewable energy systems, or sustainable land use practices.
These examples illustrate the diversity of carbon offset projects, which can span various sectors and contribute to emission reductions and carbon sequestration in different ways.